But like everything else, modern context is not Biblical context we dont think the same way or have the same needs and therefore we dont live the same way; we certainly dont have the same expectations. Both women had a crisis of identity Rachel wasnt a mother and Leah wasnt really a wife in her own eyes. The favoritism Israel showed Joseph and the plot against him by his brothers were divine means of getting him into Egypt. Indeed the name Potiphar may even be a version of Merenptah's name (Poti = Ptah, Phar = Pharaoh). According to Josephus, Reuben tied a cord around Joseph and let him down gently into the pit. Joseph saw and inquired of Benjamin, and was overcome by emotion but did not show it. 14 Then Joseph sent and called his father Jacob and all his relatives to him, seventy-five people. Some believe that he built the city of Memphis, and that he was instrumental in building the obelisks and pyramids. How many children did Jacob have? As for kings - marriages were largely about political alliances (especially with . Judah appealed to the Vizier begging that Benjamin be released and that he be enslaved in his stead, because of the silver cup found in Benjamin's sack. He became the second most powerful man in all Egypt. In Genesis 29:31-30:24 the birth of twelve of Jacob's children is recorded. The brothers then dipped Joseph's coat in goat's blood and, returning home, showed it to their father, who concluded that Joseph had been torn apart by a wild beast. Joseph, being seventeen years old, was pasturing the flock with his brothers. In the midrash, the selling of Joseph was part of God's divine plan for him to save his tribes. Particularly galling is Jacob's reaction to Rachel the wife whom he loves deeply when she cannot become pregnant. Who is Dans mom? I asked. People just cherry pick with the descriptions to determine prescriptives without studying out the matter. When the Pharaoh's advisers failed to interpret these dreams, the cup-bearer remembered Joseph. Leah was "Tender Eyed". According to the Old Testament, Jacob was the younger twin brother of Esau, who was the ancestor of Edom . Joseph did very well with Gods help. Esau. Judah (left) talking to Tamar (right) (1606-1669), by Rembrandt. So, did Jacob have four legally wedded wives? (clearly, the reference to a second wife shows that the concubine is not a wife),  If a man take a wife, and she bear him no children, and he intend to take another wife: if he take this second wife, and bring her into the house, this second wife shall not be allowed equality with his wife. When he. As a last resort, all of the inhabitants of Egypt, less the Egyptian priestly class, sold their properties and later themselves (as slaves) to Joseph for seed; wherefore Joseph set a mandate that, because the people would be sowing and harvesting seed on government property, a fifth of the produce should go to the Pharaoh. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. As we progress through the stories about Jacob and his family, you will notice that his wives are respectfully addressed by name while Bilhah and Zilpah are repeatedly called, the maidservants. Culturally, they were never elevated to the level of either Leah or Rachel and they probably never expected to be. Some declare that during the 22 years he was away from home he drank no wine (Shab. He comforted them and their ties were reconciled. (7-14) Genesis 29:17. He was the first of the two sons of Jacob and Rachel (Jacob's twelfth child and eleventh son). The steward found the cup in Benjamin's sack - just as he had planted it the night before. Seeing only the powerful minister who controlled their lives and fortunes, they "bowed themselves before him with their faces to the ground" (Gen. 42:6), thus fulfilling in part his earlier prophetic dream. The Bible tells us twice that Jacob had daughters. In the Eastern Orthodox Church and those Eastern Catholic Churches which follow the Byzantine Rite, he is known as "Joseph the all-comely", a reference not only to his physical appearance, but more importantly to the beauty of his spiritual life. Thus, "Joseph gathered up all the money that was in the land of Egypt, and in the land of Canaan, for the grain which they bought.". Genesis 41:45 says that after Joseph interpreted the dreams of Pharaoh 45 Pharaoh called Joseph's name Zaphnath-paaneah; and he gave him to wife Asenath the daughter of Potipherah priest of On. There are numerous mentions of Joseph in Bah' writings. The true faith in Jesus Christ stands the test and wins victory. (Gen. 28:3, 4) This explains why Jacob when nearly 100 years old did everything in his power to obtain God's blessing; he even wrestled with a materialized angel. 4) Judah was the next. So they immediately informed the steward of what had transpired. The levirate marriage was for the purpose of providing a woman with offspring and so if a man was already married, he could still perform the levirate function and she would be provided for with her dead husbands share of the inheritance, which then belongs to her son (or daughter, because the Torah also says that if a man dies and has only daughters they can inherit so that his name and inheritance will not pass from Israel). And after Joseph perished, the sons of Jacob took unto themselves wives. When Rachel did not have any children, she became upset.  Joseph is said to have been extremely handsome, which attracted his Egyptian master's wife to attempt to seduce him. The archers have sorely grieved him, and shot at him, and hated him: But his bow abode in strength, and the arms of his hands were made strong by the hands of the Mighty God of Jacob (From thence is the Shepherd, the Stone of Israel), Even by the God of your father who shall help thee; and by the Almighty who shall bless thee With blessings of heaven above, Blessings of the deep that lieth under, Blessings of the breasts and of the womb. (Genesis 30:24).. Modern critics have made various estimates of the historical worth of these narratives of Joseph. Many of these amplifications have been borrowed by rabbinical tradition. Unaware of this secondary intention, the others obeyed him first. Israel declared that they would be heirs to the inheritance of the house of Israel, as if they were his own children, just as Reuben and Simeon were. Then Israel called all of his sons in and prophesied their blessings or curses to all twelve of them in order of their ages. So they named this spot Abel Mizraim. After they mentioned a younger brother at home, the Vizier (Joseph) demanded that he be brought to Egypt as a demonstration of their veracity. 2. Recall that Jacob was born in the land of Canaan, the land God promised to Abraham, and where Jacob's father Isaac was born and lived his entire life. In the time of the Exodus, Serah, daughter of Asher, showed Moses where the coffin was sunk. They thought that the missed transaction would somehow be used against them as way to induct them as slaves and to confiscate their possessions. As Joseph had foreseen, seven years of plenty came, during which he stored up a great abundance of grain in granaries built for the purpose. Josephus claims that Potiphar fell for his wife's, Josephus refers to Potipherah (or Petephres) as the priest of, Josephus has Joseph meeting his father Jacob in, Last edited on 28 February 2023, at 10:50, Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat, "Strong's Hebrew Concordance - 622. asaph", "Strong's Hebrew Concordance - 3254. yasaph", "Strong's Hebrew Concordance - 6847. He persuaded them to throw Joseph into a pit and secretly planned to rescue him later. Then he revealed to the Hebrews that he was in fact their brother, Joseph. Joseph was 11th of 12 sons of a wealthy nomad Jacob and his second wife Rachel. | Alpha Index Although Bilhahs and Zilpahs children ranked lower than Leahs biological children (as Joseph will prove with his behavior later on) and Rachels future children, they were officially counted as the sons of the wives, not as the sons of the concubines. Jacob became greatly distressed, feeling deprived of successive sons: Joseph, Simeon, and (prospectively) Benjamin. Joseph had his father embalmed, a process that took forty days. Answer and Explanation: Joseph has one wife, Asenath the daughter of Potiphar the priest of On, whom he marries in Egypt. It was a very large company." Legacy. which references passages that point to Jacob having "daughters" (plural, more than one) such as Genesis 37:34-35. As they approached Egyptian territory, Judah went ahead to ask Joseph where the caravan should unload. After the events of (Gen Ch. His father then remarked, "Now let me die, since I have seen your face, because you are still alive." Tap the title above, next to the arrow, to go to thatlesson with a link back to thispage.  Joseph requested that the cup-bearer mention him to Pharaoh to secure his release from prison, but the cup-bearer, reinstalled in office, forgot Joseph. Joseph interpreted this dream as the cup-bearer being restored as cup-bearer to the Pharaoh within three days. The shrine called Joseph's Tomb in Nablus/Shechem is traditionally considered to be his tomb. 119a; comp. The genealogy of Jesus in the New Testament traces Jesus' ancestry lineally, from Abraham to David, and then from David to Jesus. 20. Muhammad is believed to have once said, "One half of all the beauty God apportioned for mankind went to Joseph and his mother; the other one half went to the rest of mankind. What does Ex 22:16-17 tell us about the rape of Dinah in Genesis, Episode 164: Purim 2023Honor, Shame and Two Brave Queens, Episode 163: Sociology IIReligion, Weird Science, and Practical Linguistics, Episode 162 Sociology I: Groupthink, Holy/Profane and Clean/Unclean, Episode 161: The Advent of John the Baptist in Luke, Episode 160: Special Teaching #1The Advent of the Messiah in Matthew, Challenging the "Everything is Pagan" Meme Culture, Infertility, Barreness, Miscarriage, Stillbirth and Child Loss. How long did Jacob in the Bible wait to marry his wife? Conversations that Christians Must Have#MeToo and #BLM, Episode 82: Mark Part 24Cosmic Encounters 3The Woman with the Issue of Blood. Joseph prospered in Potiphar's household and was eventually made head of the servants. They were directed into the province of Goshen and Joseph readied his chariot to meet his father there. Joseph disguised his identity and devised a plot to bring the rest of the family to him: He accused them of being spies and imprisoned them for three days. whoa whoa whoa personal suite? Joseph's brothers were motivated by fear. It served a specific societal function within a context that no longer exists (much like the need for Levirate marriage). I had no idea about what dyadic social identity was all about, or concubinage, and although I did understand the importance of political marriages (Solomon did NOT need that many alliances, just sayin) I was way too caught up in idea that black Mormons (not meaning color, but it was just what they were called in my neck of the woods) represented a sort of an ideal Biblical model for what was going on in ancient times. He was Rachel's firstborn and Jacob's eleventh son. After this, his brothers plotted against him and would have killed him had not his brother Reuben intervened. What is a forbidden marriage in the Bible? Tap a Lookup below to generate a list oflessons. Every time a son was born I asked my boys to tell me who the sons belonged to and it worked fine until we got to Dan. The "seven lean years" has been taken to refer to a Middle Eastern famine documented at that time. When the steward caught up with the brothers, he seized them and searched their sacks. The eleventh son of Jacob and elder of the two sons Rachel (Genesis 30:23, 24). Rabbah l.c). 36). When he regained control of himself, he returned and ordered a meal to be served. 9The fathers, moved by jealousy against Joseph, sold him into Egypt as a slave; but God was with him. ISBN links support NWE through referral fees, https://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/p/index.php?title=Joseph,_son_of_Jacob&oldid=1017043, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, More recently, Joseph figures prominently in Anita Diamant's novel. popularly referred to as a "coat of many colors." 18A new Pharaoh arose in Egypt, who knew nothing of Joseph.  After two more years, the Pharaoh dreamt of seven lean cows which devoured seven fat cows; and of seven withered ears of grain which devoured seven fat ears. document.getElementById( "ak_js_1" ).setAttribute( "value", ( new Date() ).getTime() ); Please consider supporting this ministry, which is offered free of charge in order to help newcomers understand Biblical context and develop good spiritual fruit. And as for Jacob, he never intended to have any other wife but Rachel and only ended up in this polygamous situation because of trickery he chose to be a polygamist because it would seem that a man who was willing to work a grand total of fourteen years for a woman evidently could not imagine living without her. 11Then a famine came over all the land of Egypt and Canaan, causing great affliction. This family, with its sordid history of deceit, jealousy, and . 21 . Joseph Born in the wilderness, he was the youngest son in the family. The money they had brought was double what they had offered on the first trip. However, it is instructive to note that only Dinah is mentioned (Genesis 30:19-21; 34:1-3; 46:15) . Jacob therefore let the wolf go. In the Kitb-i-Aqdas, Bah'u'llh states that "from my laws, the sweet-smelling savour of my garment can be smelled" and, in the Four Valleys, states that "the fragrance of his garment blowing from the Egypt of Baha," referring to Joseph. I have written six books on the ancient Near Eastern and First Century context of Scripture, including a family curriculum series. He Was the Son of Isaac. The first group identified, are Joseph's brothers when Judah brings up the idea of selling Joseph in verses 26 and 27. After being beaten by his brethren, Joseph was thrown by Simeon into a pit, among serpents and scorpions; but Joseph prayed to God and the reptiles retired to their holes (Targ. Abraham had one wife, and then only took a concubine when she was still barren at 80; he took a second wife only after the death of his first. He was also the first born of his mother Rachel, whom his father loved more than any of his wives and made Joseph Jacob's favorite son (Genesis 29-30:24; Genesis 37:1-4). If later he is disgusted with her (after all, she was from a pagan nation), he cannot treat her as a slave and simply sell her away but must treat her as he would treat a divorced wife. Ultimately, Joseph was sold to Potiphar, the captain of Pharaoh's guard (Genesis 37:36, Genesis 39:1). We think of it differently, because we simply cannot imagine a maidservant being willing or even eager to consent to such an arrangement but when we look at it in terms of the times you will see a poor woman who was a servant, probably sold by her impoverished father to Labans family because he had no money to get her married off not out of coldness but because if he died without seeing her provided for her only options were starvation or prostitution; she was resigned to perhaps never marrying, or if she did it would be to another servant, to give birth to servants. Josephs ability to interpret dreams got him out of jail and into great favour with Pharoah. Even John Calvin, sometimes hailed as the father of modern grammatico-historical exegesis, writes "in the person of Joseph, a lively image of Christ is presented. The name of Reuben's wife is 'Ad 1 and the name of Simeon's wife is 'Adb'a, a Canaanite; 1 and the name of Levi's wife is Mlk, 2 of the daughters of Aram, of the seed of the sons of Terah; and the name of Judah . Christian Apologetics & Intelligence Ministry, Tyler Dawn How Many Wives did Jacob Have? The twelve sons of Jacob (Israel) from oldest to youngest were as follows. Similar theories are propounded to explain confusion in the narrative's parallel accounts of his slavery and imprisonment, as well as his and reunion(s) with his brothers, with Benjamin present in one, and absent in another. Because Joseph the Dreamer predicts the future by analyzing dreams, alternative Jewish tradition claims that he practiced divination using this silver cup as the steward charged and as Joseph himself claimed in Genesis 44:15.. 5 Bibliography. The Bible states that this name was given to Jacob as by God later in his life: "And he said, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed." (Genesis 32:28 . She then had three more sons: Simeon, Levi and Judah. These were Jacob's sons who were born to him while he . In the Qur'an a whole chapter (sura xii) is devoted to Joseph; and Islamic commentators add many details to this "best of stories.". But Judah pleaded for Benjamin, offering himself as a slave instead. The Lutheran ChurchMissouri Synod commemorates him as a patriarch on 31 March. Both the term "Joseph" and the term "Ephraim" were also frequently used by the biblical writers to refer to the norther tribes generally or to the later northern kingdom, usually called Israel. arose that night, and took his two wives, his two maidservants1 and his eleven children, and crossed the ford of the Jabbok. "Pharaoh called Joseph by the name Tzafnat-Pa'neach and gave him as his wife Asenath the daughter of Poti-Fera priest of On. Hope that makes sense. And Joseph brought a bad report of them to their father. As the king's appointed viceroy, Joseph built himself a magnificent palace, placing in it a great number of slaves. Confronting Pseudo-archaeological memes Pt 4: Was Byblos the Goddess of Writing? Joseph's sons Manasseh and Ephraim were born before the years of famine. He and his family took everything they owned. Joseph had good reasons not to have an affair with Potiphar's wife: he did not want to abuse his master's trust; he believed in the sanctity of marriage; and . Joseph is represented as a perfectly righteous man (tzadik gamur) and as the counterpart of his father Jacob. Since in the Bible, unlike in later Jewish law, ethnic identity is determined by the father, the fact that their mother is not an Israelite does not affect their status . How many children did Mary have after Jesus? It is later mentioned in Genesis 41:50 that before the years of famine, Joseph had two sons with Asenath.  However, punishment could not have been avoided because of her class status and limited public knowledge of her scheme. Abraham had one wife, and then only took a concubine when she was still barren at 80; he took a second wife only after the death of his first. Upon their return to Egypt with Benjamin, Joseph received them kindly and prepared a feast for them.