Unlike those who affirm Mosaic authorship of Genesis and divide the text by the toledoths, JEDP adherents divide the text on the basis of the names of God that were used and say that, at best, Moses simply wove these texts together, often in contradictory ways. The cultural material is far more in line with the Mesopotamian world of about 1800 BC than Egypt in around 1400 BC. Genesis 12:3 And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed. There cannot have been a historical liberator from a captivity that never happened. The Spirit of Christ was directing him. Though modern editors do this usually in a footnote, we cannot demand the same literary convention be applied to the ancient editors. To move the account from Abraham to Moses would require only four more generations. "Philip findeth Nathanael, and saith unto him, We have found him, of whom Moses in the law, and the prophets, did write, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph." John 1:45 KJV Copy Print Similar Verses Save. In other words, Gentiles who believe in Jesus the Messiah are included in the blessing of Abraham. Answer (1 of 13): There is no doubt that early Jewish and Christian tradition, is virtually unanimous in ascribing Genesis through Deuteronomy to Moses. He is author of. Considering he wrote these books thousands of years after the events, this bolsters the support for the veracity of Genesis. Most people in the world have no experience of lasting joy in their lives. Do we have any mythological areas to combat, especially in Genesis 1-11? But how do we know this? Only evolutionary thinking would lead us to conclude that Adam and his descendants could not write. - King James Version (1611) - View 1611 Bible Scan "For if you believed Moses, you would believe Me, for he wrote about Me. But the Fathers did not explain how Moses wrote it, other than to assert that he was inspired by God. If. These are the Yahwist (J), Elohist (E), and Priestly (P) sources which in turn reflect older oral traditions . Such a claim is without warrant. The story is of a spiritual Eden where Adam existed (and then Eve) in eternity past before creation. 46 For if you believed Moses, you would believe me; for he wrote of me. They assumed that Israel's religion was simply the invention of man, a product of evolution, as all other religions are. Listen to the way John uses the word. But in later editions he apparently conceded the view of others that the J-E division could be applied to the whole of the Pentateuch which was written after Moses.9. contested questions in biblical scholarship. Reared by his faithful parents in his earliest days, Moses was eventually brought to the court of Pharaoh. In fact, Jesus insisted this has always been the truth behind the Torah. While it seems simple (the author is Moses or not), scholars dont necessarily treat it as a yes or no questionthey also have to consider that Moses may have written part of Genesis. Because in them you come to know God for who he really is, and that means coming to know Jesus. Listen to the audio version of this content. And then in John 5:46, 47 Jesus says, "For if you believed Moses you would believe me, for he wrote of me. From ekei; that one (neuter) thing); often intensified by the article prefixed. The northern Kingdom of Israel was taken into captivity by the Assyrians around 740 BC and the southern Kingdom of Judah was taken into Babylonian captivity about 570 BC. Hebrews 11 sums it up well when talking specifically about Abraham, Sarah, and their offspring: "All these people were still living by faith when they died. In this paper we will present simple evidence from 20 th century archeological findings that leads us to the conclusion that Moses wrote Genesis, as asserted by all the Fathers. Pursue a deeper knowledge of God through self-paced college- and seminary-level online courses in Old and New Testament studies, theology, biblical Greek, and more. But the other objections are just as flawed in terms of logic and a failure to pay careful attention to the biblical text. It is too obviously the product of more than one author, writing at different times and places. 16. Although many examples have been found of an ancient Semitic author using repetition and duplication in his narrative technique, skeptical scholars assume that when Hebrew authors did this, it is compelling evidence of multiple authorship of the biblical text. A primary verb; to 'grave', especially to write; figuratively, to describe. We follow Abrahams generations through Joseph and how Israel ended up in Egypt due to a massive famine. And the test is Jesus. And just as Christian authors today can quote truthful statements from non-Christian sources without thereby endorsing their wrong ideas, so the Biblical authors could quote non-believers or non-biblical sources without introducing false statements into their divine writings (e.g., Joshua 10:13, 2 Samuel 1:18, Acts 17:28, Titus 1:12, Jude 1415). We can, with a high percentage of certainty say that John wrote the Gospel of John and that Joshua wrote the Book of Joshua. From there, we have the well-known story of the Great Flood, and the birth of the Israelite nation through Abraham. and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed. And then Paul shows us that this promise is fulfilled in the gospel of Jesus, the Messiah. Early man was very intelligent: Cain built a city (Genesis 4:17), six generations later people were making musical instruments and had figured out how to mine ores and make metals (Genesis 4:2122), Noah built a huge boat for his family and thousands of animals to survive a year-long flood, etc.16, Table 2. After all, we dont want to dive into the New Earth vs. Old Earth debate. Still, there are good reasons to co. - American Standard Version (1901) JESUS: THE GOD WHOM MOSES WROTE ABOUT. And its not at all out of character. For Instructors and School Administrators. The former violates the well-accepted concept known as Aristotle's dictum, which advises that the benefit of the doubt should be given to the document itself, rather than the critic. Consider the following: Exodus 17:14Then the Lord said to Moses, Write this on a scroll as something to be remembered and make sure that Joshua hears it . Verse Concepts. It is interesting that Moses is never mentioned in the book even as the person writing things down. Scripture was divinely inspired. Instructor: There is also the fact that since the Israelites were never enslaved in Egypt and there was no Exodus, then there is no historical place for a Moses. God promised Abram in Genesis 12:23, I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you . Along with other documentation mentioned in the book, such as the account of Terah, the account of Noah, etc. Exactly when Genesis was written down is not known. In light of the references to Moses writing in the Pentateuch and the New Testament citations of the Pentateuch that associate Moses with its composition, it seems reasonable to affirm that the origins of the Pentateuch are connected to this great biblical figure. He knew that Genesis says Adam and Eve were created on the sixth day of creation. In the minds of the Jewish people, "Scepter" was . And he was transfigured before them; his face shone like the sun and his clothes became white as light. So knowing that kings were coming was already common knowledge to Moses. Were on a mission to change that. God said things and did things in the Scriptures which, if we had understood them, would have given us a glimpse of Jesus and would have prepared us to recognize him and receive him when he came. Notice this in John 8:57-58. Their subjective bias led them to illegitimately assume that any biblical statement was unreliable until proven reliable (though they would not do this with any other ancient or modern text) and when they found any disagreement between the Bible and ancient pagan literature, the latter was automatically given preference and trusted as a historical witness. Jesus said (to fulfill the Scripture), I thirst (John 19:28=Psalm 69:21). If these passages were added later, how do we know what Moses did and didnt write? In the case of Deuteronomy, the author of the obituary of Moses was probably Joshua, a close associate of Moses who was chosen by God to lead the people of Israel into the Promised Land (for Moses was not allowed to because of his disobedience), and who was inspired by God to write the next book in the Old Testament. Try downloading another browser like Chrome or Firefox. Lets close by looking at three of these. Learn more in Tremper Longman's video series on the book of Genesis . And verse 46 says it again a little differently: If you believed Moses [the author of the first five books of the Old Testament] you would believe me; for he wrote of me. So verse 46 says that Moses wrote about Jesus, and verse 39 says that the Scriptures witness about Jesus. There also appears to be evidence (Genesis 5:1) that Moses had used other documents to compile his book, such as the genealogies. Isaiah is witnessing to the glory of Jesus because when he saw the glory of God revealed from heaven, he was seeing the glory of Jesus. Moses the great leader of Israel, the man of God, was a type of Jesus. On the other extreme are those who say that Moses wrote none of the Pentateuch, but rather the Pentateuch was composed much later than the time the Bible purported that he lived (if, in the minds of some, he lived at all). Genesis follows humanity through creation and humanitys descent into sin (Genesis 3). Not to mention the events of Genesis ended about 300 years before Moses came into existence. Of course, this question in itself can raise a number of disputes because people have not reached an agreement as to when Moses lived on earth. How Can We Stand on Scripture in an Evolution-Pushing Culture? ., Nehemiah 13:1On that day the Book of Moses was read aloud in the hearing of the people . Its Hebrew name is the same as its first word, Bereshit ("In the beginning").Genesis is an account of the creation of the world, the early history of humanity, and of Israel's ancestors and the . We could devote entire books to these questions, but after perusing this article from Apologetics.com, which I highly suggest reading, I would love to once again mention that Jesus did assert the authority found in Genesis. They still do not necessarily mean that Moses wrote every word, but they do imply a belief that Moses had an integral connection with the composition of the Pentateuch. The majority of biblical scholars have attributed the authorship of Genesis to Moses, but this has not gone without contest, especially from documentary hypothesis theorists . Yet John also reveals that this came earlierin Genesis, with Abraham. Two things can be said in response. Jesus said, "He who hears My word, and . And Jews who dont believe in Jesus are excluded from the blessings of Abraham. First, Moses was qualified to write the books. As yet they did not understand the Scripture, that he must rise from the dead (John 20:9=Psalm 16:10). Contrary to the liberal theologians and other skeptics, it was not written after the Jews returned from exile in Babylon (ca. Jesus taught this when he said, I tell you, many will come from east and west [meaning Gentiles] and recline at table with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven, while the sons of the kingdom will be thrown into the outer darkness. The postmosaica indicate that there were also editorial additions. . According to Jesus, that sixth day of creation was "from the beginning," a phrase we hear a number of times in the New Testament. And the Canaanites were then in the land.". Copyright 2020 HarperCollins Publishers. God saw Jesus and knew Jesus long before Jesus was on the earth. On the contrary, we embrace it as the word of God in preparation for Messiah Jesus, and as the word of God in the ongoing illumination of the meaning of Jesus and his work. How was Moses able to read pre-Tower of Babel texts? And John 19:35 says, "He who . For had you believed Moses, you would have believed me; for he wrote of me. John 10:35 is one of the most important references to the Scriptures in Johns Gospel because after referring to Psalm 82:6, Jesus says, Scripture cannot be broken. This is one of the strongest claims for the infallibility and inerrancy of the Bible in all of Scripture. The introduction to the Old Testament in another Bible translation says that the J document was written by someone much later than Moses in the Southern Kingdom of Judah and the E document was written by someone in the Northern Kingdom of Israel.2 Let's evaluate the arguments put forth in defense of this hypothesis. The Bible also records a life-changing decision . Then John says in John 12:41, Isaiah said these things because he saw his glory and spoke of him.. And there are no ancient Jewish commentaries that mention any of these imaginary documents or their alleged unnamed authors. Because of the strong oral tradition and duty of the Jewish people to preserve their roots, not much could have changed in the accounts throughout that time. A second answer comes from the writings of the first century Jewish historian, Josephus. 35 He was a burning and shining lamp, and you were willing to rejoice for a while in his light. In Genesis, the narrative speaks of events that take place long before the birth of Moses. Answer. The authors of the New Testamentand even Jesus himselfappear to credit Moses as the author of Genesis. Nothing is said about the authorship of the mass of literature of which this was a part. Look at John 5:39, You search the Scriptures, Jesus says, because you think that in them you have eternal life; and it is they that bear witness about me. The word Scriptures here refers to the Jewish Scriptures, what we call the Old Testament, which is another word for Old Covenant. John 3:32 says, "He bears witness to what he has seen and heard.". This is simply astonishing. The implications of this for ourselves and for people of other religions are huge. He believed Moses was the author of the Pentateuch, but he unlocked the door for the skepticism of later scholars. Jesus had met Abraham in Genesis 12 and 15, and in Exodus 3:13-17. The events at the conclusion of the Book of Genesis occurred some three hundred years before Moses was born. In other words, the Bible (or any other book) should be considered innocent until proven guilty, or reliable until its unreliability is compellingly demonstrated. To date, no manuscript evidence of the J-document, E-document, P-document, D-document, or any of the other supposed fragments have ever been discovered. Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive 1st Person Singular. And if they did not, that would have taken a great deal of divine intervention. Be careful to obey all the law my servant Moses gave you; do not turn from it to the right or to the left, that you may be successful wherever you go. They divided my garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots (John 19:24=Psalm 22:18). What about the cases where Genesis appears to be borrowing from Ancient world mythology? He refers to Isaiah 54:13, It is written in the Prophets, And they will all be taught by God. Everyone who has heard and learned from the Father comes to me. So the prophets point to how people will come to the Messiah, Jesus. . And behold, Moses and Elijah appeared to them, conversing with him. These postmosaica establish a principle that later inspired editors/redactors can contribute to the writing of the Pentateuch. Does this mean that Moses wrote Genesis without reference to any previous information? And there was evening, and there was morning the sixth day., Genesis 12:3 I will bless those who bless you, and whoever curses you I will curse; and all peoples on earth will be blessed through you.. (Only David. Genesis 12:2-3 33:15 - 3 - Moses showed us others who were longing for Christ. Please follow the instructions we emailed you in order to finish subscribing. Astruc basically questioned, as others had before him, how Moses knew what happened prior to his own life, (i.e., the history recorded in Genesis). Jewish and Christian tradition has consistently attributed the writing of Genesis to Moses. 18:43 - 2 - Moses wrote of prophesies that were to be fulfilled by Christ. What does the word witness imply? .'" This oral version of Genesis goes all the way back to roughly 2000 BC in Mesopotamia. Jesus said in Matthew 5:1718, Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. 36 But the testimony that I have is greater than that of John. While Abraham is Israel's ancestor, Moses is often considered its founder, for his role in establishing Israel as a . Credit; by implication, to entrust. Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular. JESUS said, "For had you believed Moses, you would have believed ME: for he wrote of ME. This will refute any attempt of claiming that Muhammad was the prophet that Moses predicted. Matthew 19:8). For truly, I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the Law until all is accomplished. Not the smallest teaching of Scripture will fall the ground. Because Genesis is technically an anonymous work, many readers wonder who wrote it. Isaiah states that the Messiah would be "cut off from the land of the living" (Isaiah 53:8), that his death would be a sacrifice for our sins (Isaiah 53:5, 10-12) and afterward he would "prolong his days" (Isaiah 53:10). You will have already known him. But to say that the composition, even the origins, of the Pentateuch is to be associated with Moses certainly does not mean he wrote every word. Their culture worked quite differently than ours. A final reason for rejecting the documentary hypothesis and accepting the biblical testimony to the Mosaic authorship of the Pentateuch is the erroneous assumptions and reasoning of the liberal scholars and other skeptics. He was there. They were implicitly Deistic or atheistic in their thinking. By David P. Diaz, Ed.D. In fact, we have several accounts listed in Genesis. The Book of Jasher is nearly an exact account of what Moses wrote in Genesis, except with more details. Seminary courses, theology books, introductions to the Pentateuch in Bibles, and the secular media have promoted the man-made idea that Moses did not write the Pentateuch (also known as the Law or Torah). Several lines of evidence should lead us to reject the documentary hypothesis as a fabrication of unbelievers. Based on evolutionary ideas, they assumed that "the art of writing was virtually unknown in Israel prior to the establishment of the Davidic monarchy; therefore there could have been no written records going back to the time of Moses.". . If You Believed Moses, You Would Believe Me, for He Wrote of Me, If You Believed Moses, You Would Believe Me, for He Wrote of Me (Excerpt), John Piper is founder and teacher of desiringGod.org and chancellor of Bethlehem College & Seminary. However, that said, a number of passages in the Pentateuch mention that Moses wrote things down. 22 Moses therefore gave you circumcision (not that it is from . . After all, the book takes up 50 whole chapters in the Bible, so well briefly summarize some of the major events that take place in the book. http://www.biblicalstudies.org.uk/article_tradition_bailey.html, http://science.jrank.org/pages/10523/Oral-Traditions-Oral-Traditions-Source-Method-Historical-Construction.html, Noahs Flood: a Historical, Global Catastrophe, Adam by direct divine revelation, so not connected with Adam's name. Right from the start it is important to note that the Pentateuch is anonymous. but I say unto you"Jesus settled whatever disputes existed between Torah and its application. Jesus took Peter, James, and John his brother, and led them up a high mountain by themselves. And because he saw, he could witness. Table 1. For example, John 7:22 and Acts 15:1 refer to Moses giving the doctrine of circumcision. Genesis, or otherwise known as Bereshith, means in the beginning. In other words, this book talks about the beginning of the world, the beginning of Gods nation of Israel, and the beginning of the story of salvation for all mankind. Jesus himself, quoting the fifth commandment (Exodus 20:12; Deuteronomy 5:16) and a case law (Exodus 21:17; Leviticus 20:9), said, For Moses said, Honor your father and mother, and Anyone who curses their father or mother is to be put to death (Mark 7:10). .. However, that said, a number of passages in the Pentateuch mention that Moses wrote things down. Jesus Himself clearly said this, and the people who heard Him knew that was exactly what He meant. John wrote, No one has ever seen God. Terms of Service apply. In addition, when the heavens . He saw him as his Son in heaven eternally (John 1:13), and he saw what his Son would be in history when he came. So it is perfectly reasonable to think that Moses wrote Genesis from pre-existing, well-preserved oral tradition and/or written documents from the . I said earlier that the implications of this for ourselves and for people of other religions are huge. 500 BC). Moses was the adopted son of the daughter of Pharaoh. First, other biblical authors, including Joshua, Ezra, Daniel, and Paul, point squarely to Moses . From A.D. 33 until approximately A.D. 80, the Holy Spirit breathed out His Word in twenty-seven books and nine authors. All the manuscript evidence we have is for the first five books of the Bible just as we have them today. Moses wrote Genesis according to the Old and New Testaments, including Jesus. Since both Genesis 40:10 and Ezekiel 21:27 deal with Judah and the government or ownership of that tribe, the argument becomes quite compelling. Thank you for signing up to receive email newsletters from Answers in Genesis. Traditions attributes the Book of Genesis to Moses, but this is a view that few scholars would now support. Jesus Christ was greater than Moses. He answers for himself, and reproves them, showing by the testimony of his Father, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, NT Gospels: John 5:46 For if you believed Moses you would (Jhn Jo Jn). Not only was there a J-document, E-document and D-document, but then it was argued that Leviticus and some other portions of the Pentateuch were the work of Jewish priests, hence the P-documents. To answer this question, we need to go to 2 Timothy 3:16. Even though a great many scholars and much of the public have accepted this view, is it really true? The New Testament attributes all the books from Genesis through Deuteronomy as being the writings of Moses. Such attacks on these foundational books of the rest of the Bible come both from non-Christians as well as professing Christians. He divided his forces against them by night, and he and his servants attacked them and pursued them as far as Hobah, which is north of Damascus.". . But before I draw out those implications, look with me at how pervasive the Scriptures are in the way John writes his Gospel. 15:43 - 1 - Moses wrote of the need for Christ. .. For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes. They were the heroes of old Get expert commentary on biblical languages, fresh explorations in theology, hand-picked book excerpts, author videos, and info on limited-time sales. So when John says about the Scriptures in 5:39, It is they that bear witness about me, he means that God knew Jesus perfectly and fullyas it were face to faceand that he inspired these Scriptures, and through the Scriptures revealed Jesus. In other words, any Jew or any Gentile will be an heir of Abrahams blessing if he believes in Jesus, the Messiah. Ye build the tombs of the prophets, wherefore ye be witnesses unto yourselves that ye are children of them that killed the prophets. In John 8:19, Jesus adversaries, who claimed to know God, said, Where is your Father? And Jesus answered, You know neither me nor my Father. First, Moses could have easily written this without knowing that the Canaanites would be removed after his death, because due to warring kingdoms or other factors, people groups did get removed from territories. He says, I know it happened, I saw it. Second, as mentioned in the Biblical Science Institute article, we can also find archaeological evidence that confirms the events that happen in the Pentateuch, such as the walls of Jericho. And then explains it in terms of being personally taught by the Father. These additions may only be the most obvious examples of textual material added after the time of Moses and we cannot determine precisely what was authored by Moses or added by later inspired editors. That, that one there, yonder. Nowhere in the Pentateuch is an author named, not Moses or any other person. As a prophet of God, Moses wrote under divine inspiration, guaranteeing the complete accuracy and absolute authority of his writings. In 1802, Johann Vater insisted that Genesis was made from at least 39 fragments. And besides all these explicit quotes from Scripture, Johns Gospel is strewn with indirect allusions to Scripture. Heres the assumption behind these three implications, which are very controversial in a pluralistic, relativistic, religious world like ours. Whats Wrong with the Framework Hypothesis? First, we cannot discount supernatural revelation. The Mosaic Law: A Preparatory Gospel Answer (1 of 6): Ok so we have seen that Moses could have written Exodus through Deuteronomy based upon his own eyewitness . Not only is there abundant biblical witness that Moses wrote the Pentateuch, Moses was fully qualified to write the Pentateuch. 34 Not that the testimony that I receive is from man, but I say these things so that you may be saved. But let's assume for moment that it was referring to the region Dan, where Israelites, who were from the tribe of Dan settled. This means that the way the Old Testament gets people ready to know Jesus is not merely by specific prophecies that have specific fulfillments in Jesus (like being born in Bethlehem), but far more profoundly, the point is: If you meet God, and know God, and admire God, and trust God, and are shaped by God as he truly reveals himself and his ways in the whole of the Old Testament, then when Jesus comes, you will know him. These are the last few verses of the book. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth (Matthew 8:1112). It refers to the beginning of creation as recorded in Genesis 1. And the LORD said to Moses, 'Whoever has sinned against Me, I will blot him out of My book." (Exodus 32:30-33) In order that Israel might be saved from the wrath of God, Moses stood ready to offer his own lifeto take the punishment of the people's sins on himself if God could find no other way to forgive them. He was born to Jochebed and Amram, both from the tribe of Levi, when the children of Israel lived in Egypt as slaves. They hated me without a cause (John 15:25=Psalm 35:19). All of our resources exist to guide you toward everlasting joy in Jesus Christ. In this post I will cite the texts where it is clearly stated that Jesus is the One whom Moses, as well as the rest of the prophets, spoke and wrote of. For if ye believed Moses, ye would believe me. Who Wrote the Books of Moses? Traditional approaches to this question acknowledge that Moses did not write the entirety of the Pentateuch when they point to a so-called postmosaica. But based on the evidence available, its fair to attribute its origins to Moses. .1. We can now see more clearly the special way in which God inspired . Specifically, he thought that Genesis 1:12:3 was one creation account and Genesis 2:424 was a different creation account. Does It Really Matter If Moses Wrote Genesis? 35:02 - 4 - Moses wrote of Christ in types and prefigures. 1. Every culture, no matter how "primitive" (by our arrogant Western standards), teaches history to their children (how accurate that history may be is a separate question). Nowhere in the Pentateuch is an author named, not Moses or any other person. All rights reserved. The letters stand for: Then around 400 BC some redactors (i.e., editors) supposedly combined these four independently written texts to form the Pentateuch as it was known in the time of Jesus and modern times. Then Jesus said to them, "You foolish people! The theme of the entire Bible is Christ. It's not far-fetched to think Moses wrote the account of his own death and burial, particularly since God revealed his word and works to Moses (Ps.